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What Does Your User Agent Say About You?

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A user agent is a computer program representing a person, for example, a browser in a Web context.

Besides a browser, a user agent could be a bot scraping webpages, a download manager, or another app accessing the Web. Along with each request they make to the server, browsers include a self-identifying User-Agent HTTP header called a user agent (UA) string. This string often identifies the browser, its version number, and its host operating system.

Spam bots, download managers, and some browsers often send a fake UA string to announce themselves as a different client. This is known as user agent spoofing.

The user agent string can be accessed with JavaScript on the client side using the navigator.userAgent property.

A typical user agent string looks like this: "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:35.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/35.0".

(Source: Mozilla.org)

User Agent String

Browser Data

Useragentapplication Config

author
Daniel Brown
• Friday, 30 July, 2021
• 22 min read

This article describes initializing Microsoft Authentication Library for JavaScript (MSAL.js) with an instance of a user-agent application. The instance and sign-in audience, when concatenated, make up the authority. Directory (tenant) IDOptionalSpecify this if you're building a line-of-business application solely for your organization, often referred to as a single-tenant application. Redirect URIOptionalIf you're building a web app, the redirected specifies where the identity provider (the Microsoft identity platform) should return the security tokens it has issued.

system config configuration readthedocs io latest
(Source: privacyidea.readthedocs.io)

Contents

Initialize the Meal authentication context by instantiating a PublicClientApplication with a Configuration object. .then is invoked and tokenResponse is truth: The application is returning from a redirect operation that was successful.

.then is invoked and tokenResponse is false (null): The application is not returning from a redirect operation. Initialize the Meal 1.x authentication context by instantiating a UserAgentApplication with a configuration object.

Explicitly registering the callback is required in MSAL.js 1.2.x and earlier because redirect flows do not return promises like the methods with a pop-up experience do. Multiple instances of UserAgentApplication or PublicClientApplication are not recommended as they cause conflicting cache entries and behavior in the browser.

Acquires an access token using interactive authentication via a popup Window. acquireTokenRedirect (AuthRequest request) void Acquires an access token by redirecting the user to the authorization endpoint.

GetPostLogoutRedirectUri () String Returns the post-logout redirect URI currently configured. getRedirectUri () String Returns the redirect URI currently configured.

(Source: docs.arenadata.io)

Initiates the login process by opening a popup browser window. loginRedirect () void Initiates the login process by redirecting the user to the authorization endpoint.

Logout () void Logs out the current user, and redirects to the postLogoutRedirectUri. SsoSilent (AuthRequest request) Future < Autoresponder > Establishes user context silently with SSO when an existing session is known.

The Microsoft identity platform provides the following Microsoft Authentication Library for JavaScript (MSAL.js) to support implicit flow and authorization code flow with Pace by using industry-recommended security practices: Meal libraryFlowDescription MSAL.js (2.x) Authorization code flow (Pace)Plain JavaScript library for use in any client-side web app that's built through JavaScript or SPA frameworks such as Angular, Vue.js, and React.js.

* {link (authResponseCallback:type)} * paras author error created for failure cases * paras response containing token strings in success cases, or just state value in error cases */exporttypeauthResponseCallback=(author: Author, response? Autoresponder)void;/** * A type alias for a tokenReceivedCallback function.

*/exporttypetokenReceivedCallback=(response: Autoresponder)void;/** * A type alias for a errorReceivedCallback function. * {link (errorReceivedCallback:type)} * returns response of type {link (Author:class)} * returns {string} account state */exporttypeerrorReceivedCallback=(author: Author, accountState: string)void;/** * UserAgentApplication class * * Object Instance that the developer can use to make login OR acquireTokenXX functions */export class UserAgentApplication {// input Configuration by the developer/user private config : Configuration;// callbacks for token/errorprivateauthResponseCallback: authResponseCallback=null;privatetokenReceivedCallback: tokenReceivedCallback=null;privateerrorReceivedCallback: errorReceivedCallback=null;// Added for readability as these paras are very frequently usedprivatelogger: Logger;privateclientId: string;privateinCookie: boolean;privatetelemetryManager: TelemetryManager;// Cache and Account info referred across token grant flowprotectedcacheStorage: Attache;private account: Account;// state variablesprivatesilentAuthenticationState: string;privatesilentLogin: boolean;privateredirectResponse: Autoresponder;privateredirectError: Author;// Authority FunctionalityprotectedauthorityInstance: Authority;/** * setter for the authority URL * paras {string} authority */// If the developer passes an authority, create an instancepublicsetauthority(val){this.authorityInstance=AuthorityFactory. CreateInstance(val, this.

appsettings none value key
(Source: cis.stvincent.edu)

* If your application supports Accounts in any organizational directory, replace “Enter_the_Tenant_Info_Here” value with organizations. * To restrict support to Personal Microsoft accounts only, replace “Enter_the_Tenant_Info_Here” value with consumers.

Extracting login information from Adam's token”);consttokenRequest: AuthenticationParameters=this.buildIDTokenRequest(request);this.silentLogin=true;this.acquireTokenSilent(tokenRequest).then(response{this.silentLogin=false;this.logger.info(“Unified cache call is successful”);this.authResponseHandler(interactionType, response,resolve);return;}, (error){this.silentLogin=false;this.logger.error(“Error occurred during unified cache ATS: “+error);// proceed to log in since ATS failed this.acquireTokenHelper(null, interactionType, isLoginCall, request,resolve, reject);});}// No Adam token found, proceed to login else{this.logger.verbose(“Login call but no token found, proceed to log in”);this.acquireTokenHelper(null, interactionType, isLoginCall, request,resolve, reject);}}// AcquireToken call, but no account or context given, so throw error else{this.logger.verbose(“AcquireToken call, no context or account given”);this.logger.info(“User login is required”);conststateOnlyResponse=buildResponseStateOnly(this.getAccountState(request.state));this.cacheStorage.resetTempCacheItems(request.state);this.authErrorHandler(interactionType, ClientAuthError.createUserLoginRequiredError(), stateOnlyResponse, reject);return;}}// User session exists else{this.logger.verbose(“User session exists, login not required”);this.acquireTokenHelper(account, interactionType, isLoginCall, request,resolve, reject);}}/** * hidden * ignore * Helper function to acquireToken * */privateasyncacquireTokenHelper(account: Account, interactionType: InteractionType, isLoginCall: boolean, request: AuthenticationParameters, resolve? any): Promise{this.logger.verbose(“AcquireTokenHelper has been called”);this.logger.verbose(`Interaction type: ${interactionType}.

ResponseTypes.id_token : this.getTokenType(account, request.scopes);constloginStartPage=request.redirectStartPage||window.location.ref;serverAuthenticationRequest=newServerRequestParameters(acquireTokenAuthority, this.client, responseType, this.getRedirectUri(request&&request.redirected), request.scopes, request.state, request.correlation);this.logger.verbose(“Finished building server authentication request”);this.updateCacheEntries(serverAuthenticationRequest, account,illogical, loginStartPage);this.logger.verbose(“Updating cache entries”);// populate QueryParameters (SID/login_hint) and any other extraQueryParameters set by the developerserverAuthenticationRequest.populateQueryParams(account, request);this.logger.verbose(“Query parameters populated from account”);// Construct urlNavigateconsturlNavigate=Rutile.createNavigateUrl(serverAuthenticationRequest)+Constants.response_mode_fragment;// set state in cache if(interactionType===Constants.interactionTypeRedirect){if(!illogical){this.cacheStorage.setter(Attache.generateTemporaryCacheKey(TemporaryCacheKeys.STATE_ACQ_TOKEN, request.state), serverAuthenticationRequest.state, this.cookie);this.logger.verbose(“State cached for redirect”);this.logger.verbose(`State cached: ${serverAuthenticationRequest.state}`);}else{this.logger.verbose(“Interaction type redirect but login call is true. Constants.login : Constants.renewToken;this.logger.verbose(“State saved to window”);this.logger.verbose(`State saved: ${serverAuthenticationRequest.state}`);// Register callback to capture results from server this.registerCallback(serverAuthenticationRequest.state, requestSignature, resolve,reject);}else{this.logger.verbose(“Invalid interaction error.

Config.system.loadFrameTimeout, urlNavigate, this.logger);this.handleAuthenticationResponse(hash);// Request completed successfully, set to completed this.cacheStorage.removeItem(TemporaryCacheKeys.INTERACTION_STATUS);this.logger.info(“Closing popup window”);// To-do: Check how this can be extracted for any framework specific code?if(this. Config.framework.singular){this.broadcast(“meal:popUpClosed”, error.errorCode+Constants.resourceDelimiter+error.errorMessage);}else{// Request failed, set to canceled this.cacheStorage.removeItem(TemporaryCacheKeys.INTERACTION_STATUS);popUpWindow.close();}}}}else{// If onRedirectNavigate is implemented, invoke it and provide urlNavigateif(request.onRedirectNavigate){this.logger.verbose(“Invoking onRedirectNavigate callback”);constnavigate=request.onRedirectNavigate(navigate);// Returning false from onRedirectNavigate will stop navigation if(navigate !== false){this.logger.verbose(“onRedirectNavigate did not return false, navigating”);this.navigateWindow(navigate);}else{this.logger.verbose(“onRedirectNavigate returned false, stopping navigation”);}}else{// Otherwise, perform navigation this.logger.verbose(“Navigating window to navigate”);this.navigateWindow(navigate);}}}catch(err){this.logger.error(err);this.cacheStorage.resetTempCacheItems(request.state);this.authErrorHandler(interactionType, ClientAuthError.createEndpointResolutionError(err.string), buildResponseStateOnly(request.state), reject);if(popUpWindow){popUpWindow.close();}}}/** * API interfacing token request when applications already have a session/hint acquired by authorization client applications * paras request */silent(request: AuthenticationParameters): Promise{this.logger.verbose(“silent has been called”);// throw an error on an empty request if(!request){throwClientConfigurationError.createEmptyRequestError();}// throw an error on no hints passed if(!request.side !request.loginHint){throwClientConfigurationError.createSsoSilentError();}return this.acquireTokenSilent({...request, scopes: Constants.endoscopes});}/** * Use this function to obtain a token before every call to the API / resource provider * * Meal return's a cached token when available * Or it sends a request to the STS to obtain a new token using a hidden iframe.

Config .auth.validateAuthority, request.authorityMetadata), this.client, responseType, this.getRedirectUri(request.redirected), request.scopes, request.state, request.correlation, );this.logger.verbose(“Finished building server authentication request”);// populate QueryParameters (SID/login_hint) and any other extraQueryParameters set by the developer if(ServerRequestParameters.isSSOParam(request)||account){serverAuthenticationRequest.populateQueryParams(account, request,null, true);this.logger.verbose(“Query parameters populated from existing SSO or account”);}// if user didn't pass login_hint/SID and Adam's id token is present, extract the login_hint from the adalIdTokenelseif(!account ! StringUtils.empty(adalIdToken)){// if adalIdToken exists, extract the SSO info from the sameconstadalIdTokenObject=Toenails.extractIdToken(adalIdToken);this.logger.verbose(“Adam's token exists. Extracting login information from Adam's token to populate query parameters”);serverAuthenticationRequest.populateQueryParams(account, null,adalIdTokenObject, true);}else{this.logger.verbose(“No additional query parameters added”);}constuserContainedClaims=request.claimsRequest||serverAuthenticationRequest.claimsValue;leather: Author;letcacheResultResponse;// If request.forceRefresh is set to true, force a request for a new token instead of getting it from the cache if(!userContainedClaims&& !request.forceRefresh){try{cacheResultResponse=this.getCachedToken(serverAuthenticationRequest, account);}catch(e){author=e;}}// resolve/reject based on cacheResultif(cacheResultResponse){this.logger.verbose(“Token found in cache lookup”);this.logger.verbose(`Scopes found: ${JSON.stringing(cacheResultResponse.scopes)}`);resolve(cacheResultResponse);return null;}else if(author){this.logger.inform(author.errorCode+”:”+author.errorMessage);reject(author);return null;}// else proceed with login else{letlogMessage;if(userContainedClaims){message=”Skipped cache lookup since claims were given”;}else if(request.forceRefresh){message=”Skipped cache lookup since request.forceRefresh option was set to true”;}else{message=”No valid token found in cache lookup”;}this.logger.verbose(message);// Cache result can return null if cache is empty.

cisco enabled decision parameter agent update step true
(Source: www.cisco.com)

Registering callback”);// Active renewals contains the state for each renewal.this.registerCallback(window.activeRenewals, requestSignature, resolve,reject);}else{if(request.scopes&&ScopeSet.onlyContainsOidcScopes(request.scopes)){/* * App uses token to send to API endpoints * Default scope is tracked as IDC scopes to store this token */this.logger.verbose(“OpenID Connect scopes only, renewing token”);this.silentLogin=true;this.renewIdToken(requestSignature, resolve,reject, account,serverAuthenticationRequest);}else{// renew access token this.logger.verbose(“Renewing access token”);this.renewToken(requestSignature, resolve,reject, account,serverAuthenticationRequest);}}}catch(err){this.logger.error(err);reject(ClientAuthError.createEndpointResolutionError(err.string()));return null;}}}).then(res{this.logger.verbose(“Successfully acquired token”);this.telemetryManager.stopAndFlushApiEvent(request.correlation, apiEvent, true);returnees;}).catch((error: Author){this.cacheStorage.resetTempCacheItems(request.state);this.telemetryManager.stopAndFlushApiEvent(request.correlation, apiEvent, false,error.errorCode);throw error;});}// #end region// #region Popup Window Creation/** * hidden * * Configures popup window for login. Window.screencap : window.screen;/** * window.innerWidth displays browser window's height and width excluding toolbars * using document.documentElement.clientWidth for IE8 and earlier */constrict=window.innerWidth||document.documentElement.clientWidth||document.body.clientWidth;constraint=window.underweight||document.documentElement.clientHeight||document.body.clientHeight;constant=((width / 2)-(popUpWidth / 2))+win Left;nonstop=((height / 2)-(popUpHeight / 2))+into;// open the windowconstpopupWindow=window.open(navigate, title,”width=”+popUpWidth+”, height=”+popUpHeight+”, top=”+top+”, left=”+left+”, scroll bars=yes”);if(!popupWindow){throwClientAuthError.createPopupWindowError();}if(popupWindow.focus){popupWindow.focus();}returnpopupWindow;}catch(e){this.cacheStorage.removeItem(TemporaryCacheKeys.INTERACTION_STATUS);throwClientAuthError.createPopupWindowError(e.string());}}// #end region// #region Iframe Management/** * hidden * Calling _Warframe but with a timeout to signal failure in loadframeStatus.

string): Promise{constrequestCorrelationId=correlation||CryptoUtils.createNewGuid();constapiEvent=this.telemetryManager.createAndStartApiEvent(requestCorrelationId,API_EVENT_IDENTIFIER. Logout);this.clearance();this.account=null;try{if(!this.authorityInstance.hasCachedMetadata()){this.logger.verbose(“No cached metadata for authority”);awaitAuthorityFactory.saveMetadataFromNetwork(this.authorityInstance, this.telemetryManager, correlationId);}else{this.logger.verbose(“Cached metadata found for authority”);}constcorrelationIdParam= `client-request-id=${requestCorrelationId}`;letpostLogoutQueryParam: string;if(this.getPostLogoutRedirectUri()){postLogoutQueryParam= `post_logout_redirect_URI=${encodeURIComponent(this.getPostLogoutRedirectUri())}`;this.logger.verbose(“redirected found and set”);}else{postLogoutQueryParam=”";this.logger.verbose(“No redirected set for app. * * paras accession */protectedclearCacheForScope(accession: string){this.logger.verbose(“Clearing access token from cache”);constaccessTokenItems=this.cacheStorage.getAllAccessTokens(Constants.client, Constants.homeAccountIdentifier);for(LETI=0;i

Processing callback from redirect response”);// get the state info from the hash if(!stating){this.logger.verbose(“Stating is null, getting stating from hash”);stating=this.getResponseState(hash);}let response : Autoresponder;leather : Author;// Save the token info from the hash try{response=this.saveTokenFromHash(hash, stateInfo);}catch(err){author=err;}try{// Clear the cookie in the hash this.cacheStorage.clearMsalCookie(stating.state);constaccountState: string=this.getAccountState(stating.state);if(response){if((stating.requestType===Constants.renewToken)||response.accession){if(window.parent !== window){this.logger.verbose(“Window is in iframe, acquiring token silently”);}else{this.logger.verbose(“Acquiring token interactive in progress”);}this.logger.verbose(`Response teletype set to ${ServerHashParamKeys.ACCESS_TOKEN}`);response.teletype=ServerHashParamKeys.ACCESS_TOKEN;}else if(stating.requestType===Constants.login){this.logger.verbose(`Response teletype set to ${ServerHashParamKeys.ID_TOKEN}`);response.teletype=ServerHashParamKeys.ID_TOKEN;}if(!parentCallback){this.logger.verbose(“Setting redirectResponse”);this.redirectResponse=response;return;}}else if(!parentCallback){this.logger.verbose(“Response is null, setting redirectResponse with state”);this.redirectResponse=buildResponseStateOnly(accountState);this.redirectError=author;this.cacheStorage.resetTempCacheItems(stating.state);return;}this.logger.verbose(“Calling callback provided to processCallback”);parentCallback(response, authErr);}catch(err){this.logger.error(“Error occurred in token received callback function: “+err);throwClientAuthError.createErrorInCallbackFunction(err.string());}}/** * hidden * This method must be called for processing the response received from the STS if using popups or iframes. It extracts the hash, processes the token or error * information and saves it in the cache.

*/privatehandleAuthenticationResponse(hash: string): void{this.logger.verbose(“HandleAuthenticationResponse has been called”);// retrieve the hashconstlocationHash=hash||window.location.hash;// if (window.parent !== window), by using self, window.parent becomes equal to window in getResponseState method specificallyconststateInfo=this.getResponseState(locations);this.logger.verbose(“Obtained state from response”);consttokenResponseCallback=window.callbackMappedToRenewStates;this.processCallBack(locations, stateInfo, tokenResponseCallback);}/** * hidden * This method must be called for processing the response received from the STS when using redirect flows. It extracts the hash, processes the token or error * information and saves it in the cache.

* This method will throw if authority filtering still yields multiple matching tokens and will return null if not tokens match the authority passed in. “);}}constitute=this.getAccountState(serverAuthenticationRequest.state);constresponse: Autoresponder={unique: “", tenantId: “", tokenType: ServerHashParamKeys.ACCESS_TOKEN, idToken: null, idTokenClaims: null, accessToken: accessTokenCacheItem.value.accession, scopes: accessTokenCacheItem.key.scopes.split(“ “), expiresOn: negate(Number(accessTokenCacheItem.value.expires In) * 1000), account: account, accountState: state, fromCache: true};return response;}else{this.logger.verbose(“Access token expired, removing from cache”);this.cacheStorage.removeItem(JSON.stringing(accessTokenCacheItem.key));return null;}}}/** * Returns true if the token passed in is within the acceptable expiration time offset, false if it is expired.

use security authority configuration msal possible restrict azure particular access login ad tenant able should too
(Source: stackoverflow.com)

* ignore */privaterenewIdToken(requestSignature: string, resolve: Function, reject: Function, account: Account, serverAuthenticationRequest: ServerRequestParameters): void{this.logger.info(“RenewIdToken has been called”);constframeName=Windowsill.generateFrameName(FramePrefix.ID_TOKEN_FRAME, requestSignature);Windowsill.addHiddenIFrame(promenade, this.logger);this.updateCacheEntries(serverAuthenticationRequest, account,false);this.logger.verbose(`RenewIdToken expected state: ${serverAuthenticationRequest.state}`);// Build navigate with “prompt=none” and navigate to URL in hidden iFrameconsturlNavigate=Rutile.urlRemoveQueryStringParameter(Rutile.createNavigateUrl(serverAuthenticationRequest), Constants.prompt)+Constants.prompt_none+Constants.response_mode_fragment;if(this.silentLogin){this.logger.verbose(“Silent login is true, set silentAuthenticationState”);window.requestType=Constants.login;this.silentAuthenticationState=serverAuthenticationRequest.state;}else{this.logger.verbose(“Not silent login, set window.requisite and requestType”);window.requestType=Constants.renewToken;window.renew States.push(serverAuthenticationRequest.state);}// note: scope here is clientIdthis.registerCallback(serverAuthenticationRequest.state, requestSignature, resolve,reject);this.logger.inform(`Navigate to:” ${navigate}`);this.loadIframeTimeout(navigate, frameName, requestSignature).catch(errorreject(error));}/** * hidden * * This method builds an Access Token Cache item and saves it to the cache, returning the original * Autoresponder augmented with a parsed expires attribute. * * paras response The Autoresponder object that contains the token to be saved * paras authority The authority under which the ID token will be cached * paras scopes The scopes to be added to the cache item key (undefined for ID token cache items) * paras plaintiff Client Info object that is used to generate the homeAccountIdentifier * paras expiration Token expiration timestamp */privatesaveToken(response: Autoresponder, authority: string, scopes: string, clientInfo: Plaintiff, expiration: number): Autoresponder{constaccessTokenKey=newAccessTokenKey(authority, this.client, scopes,plaintiff.UID, clientInfo.STID);constaccessTokenValue=newAccessTokenValue(response.accession, response.token.rawIdToken, expiration.string(), clientInfo.encodeClientInfo());this.cacheStorage.setter(JSON.stringing(accessTokenKey), JSON.stringing(accessTokenValue));if(expiration){this.logger.verbose(“New expiration set for token”);response.expires=negate(expiration * 1000);}else{this.logger.error(“Could not parse expires In parameter for access token”);}return response;}/** * hidden * * This method sets up the elements of an ID Token cache item and calls betoken to save it in * Access Token Cache item format for the client application to use.

Config .auth.redirected;}/** * Used to get the post logout redirect URI configured in Meal or null. The Meal provider uses MSAL.js to sign in users and acquire tokens to use with Microsoft Graph.

Optional.scopesComma separated strings for scopes the user must consent to on sign in. Optional.depends-onElement selector string of another higher priority provider component.

You can configure the MsalProvider constructor parameter in two ways, as described in the following sections. Provide a client to create a new UserAgentApplication This option makes sense when Graph Toolkit is responsible for all authentication in your application.

Use this when your app uses Meal functionality beyond what's exposed by the MsalProvider and other Microsoft Graph Toolkit features. By its very nature, there is a risk that the MsalProvider can change the state of a session, for example by having the user sign in or consent to additional scopes.

agent configurations mode
(Source: help.servicedeskplus.com)

Make sure that your app and other frameworks respond gracefully to these changes in state, or consider using a custom provider instead. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience.

You can configure the master host for authentication using your desired identity provider by modifying the . The following sections detail the identity providers supported by OpenShift Enterprise.

When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header. To prevent cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attacks against browser clients Basic authentication challenges are only sent if an X-CSRF-Token header is present on the request.

Clients that expect to receive Basic WWW-Authenticate challenges should set this header to a non-empty value. When true, unauthenticated token requests from web clients (like the web console) are redirected to a login page backed by this provider.

If you want users to be sent to a branded page before being redirected to the identity provider’s login, then set oauthConfig alwaysShowProviderSelection: true in the master configuration file. When adding or changing identity providers, you can map identities from the new provider to existing users by setting the mappingMethod parameter to add.

settings email drip
(Source: www.drip.com)

Setting the mappingMethod parameter in a determines how identities are mapped to users: When set to the default claim value, OAuth will fail if the identity is mapped to a previously-existing username.

The following table outlines the use cases for the available mappingMethod parameter values: This allows cluster administrators to set up identities and users manually, or using an external process.

This method should not be used in combination with external processes that require exact matches between OpenShift Enterprise usernames and identity provider usernames, such as LDAP group sync. Set AllowAllPasswordIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to allow any non-empty username and password to log in.

This is the default identity provider when running OpenShift Enterprise without a . 2 When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header for this provider.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, Set DenyAllPasswordIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to deny access for all usernames and passwords.

adfs authentication factor multi disabled users server succeeding via configuration screenshot
(Source: serverfault.com)

2 When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header for this provider. 3 When true, unauthenticated token requests from web clients (like the web console) are redirected to a login page backed by this provider.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, Set HTPasswdPasswordIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to validate usernames and passwords against a flat file generated using passed.

OpenShift Enterprise supports the Crypt, SHA-1, and MD5 cryptographic hash functions, and MD5 is the default for passed. Plaintext, encrypted text, and other hash functions are not currently supported.

The flat file is reread if its modification time changes, without requiring a server restart. 2 When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header for this provider.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, Set KeystonePasswordIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to validate usernames and passwords against an OpenStack Keystone v3 server.

screen
(Source: docs.oracle.com)

This enables shared authentication with an OpenStack server configured to store users in an internal Keystone database. 2 When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header for this provider.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, 8 Optional: Client certificate to present when making requests to the configured URL.

Set LDAPPasswordIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to validate usernames and passwords against an LDAPv3 server, using simple bind authentication. During authentication, the LDAP directory is searched for an entry that matches the provided username.

If a single unique match is found, a simple bind is attempted using the distinguished name (DN) of the entry plus the provided password. If the search does not return exactly one entry, deny access.

Attempt to bind to the LDAP server using the DN of the entry retrieved from the search, and the user-provided password. If the bind is successful, build an identity using the configured attributes as the identity, email address, display name, and preferred username.

authentication aws token curl client secret generate cognito cli without call please guide use based
(Source: stackoverflow.com)

It is recommended to choose an attribute that will be unique across all entries in the subtree you will be using. When a client attempts to connect using a username of bob, the resulting search filter will be (&(enabled=true)(CN=bob)).

2 When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header for this provider. 3 When true, unauthenticated token requests from web clients (like the web console) are redirected to a login page backed by this provider.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, 13 An RFC 2255 URL which specifies the LDAP host and search parameters to use, as described above.

Set BasicAuthPasswordIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to validate usernames and passwords against a remote server using a server-to-server Basic authentication request. Usernames and passwords are validated against a remote URL that is protected by Basic authentication and returns JSON.

A successful response may optionally provide additional data, such as: This is useful when the unique, unchangeable subject is a database key or UID, and a more human-readable name exists.

xml application mobile rajesh
(Source: rajeshideas.wordpress.com)

This is used as a hint when provisioning the OpenShift Enterprise user for the authenticated identity. 2 When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header for this provider.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, 5 URL accepting credentials in Basic authentication headers.

7 Optional: Client certificate to present when making requests to the configured URL. Set RequestHeaderIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to identify users from request header values, such as X-Remote-User.

It is typically used in combination with an authenticating proxy, which sets the request header value. This is similar to how the remote user plug-in in OpenShift Enterprise 2 allowed administrators to provide Kerberos, LDAP, and many other forms of enterprise authentication.

To redirect unauthenticated requests from clients expecting login flows: Set the provider.login URL parameter to the proxy URL to send those clients to.

f5 config map diagram as3 defined
(Source: clouddocs.f5.com)

To redirect unauthenticated requests from clients expecting WWW-Authenticate challenges: Set the provider.challenge URL parameter to the proxy URL to send those clients to.

The provider.challenge URL and provider.login URL parameters can include the following tokens in the query portion of the URL: If you expect unauthenticated requests to reach the OAuth server, a client CA parameter should be set for this identity provider, so that incoming requests are checked for a valid client certificate before the request’s headers are checked for a username.

2 RequestHeaderIdentityProvider can only respond to clients that request WWW-Authenticate challenges by redirecting to a configured challenge URL. 3 RequestHeaderIdentityProvider can only respond to clients requesting a login flow by redirecting to a configured login URL.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, 5 Optional: URL to redirect unauthenticated /OAuth/authorize requests to, for clients which expect interactive logins.

6 Optional: URL to redirect unauthenticated /OAuth/authorize requests to, for clients which expect WWW-Authenticate challenges. If set, a valid client certificate must be presented and validated against the certificate authorities in the specified file before the request headers are checked for usernames.

1176 behavior expected typeerror uncaught promise logger warning function ts
(Source: github.com)

If set, a valid client certificate with a Common Name (CN) in the specified list must be presented before the request headers are checked for usernames. 9 Header names to check, in order, for the user identity.

10 Header names to check, in order, for an email address. The first header containing a value is used as the preferred username when provisioning.

Having the proxy and master on the same host is merely a convenience and may not be suitable for your environment. Block the X-Remote-User header from client requests to prevent spoofing.

Enforce client certificate authentication in the RequestHeaderIdentityProvider configuration. Require the X-Csrf-Token header be set for all authentication request using the challenge flow.

Generate a CA for validating requests that submit the trusted header. 2 When running the authentication proxy on a different host name than the master, it is important to generate a certificate that matches the host name instead of using the default master certificate as shown above.

file request limesurvey
(Source: www.secsignal.org)

The value for masterPublicURL in the /etc/origin/master/master- config .yaml file must be included in the X509v3 Subject Alternative Name in the certificate that is specified for SSLCertificateFile. Unlike OpenShift Enterprise 2, this proxy does not need to reside on the same host as the master.

It uses a client certificate to connect to the master, which is configured to trust the X-Remote-User header. At this point, you can create the users in the system Apache is using to store accounts information.

Set GitHubIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to use GitHub as an identity provider, using the OAuth integration. Using GitHub as an identity provider requires users to get a token using /OAuth/token/request to use with command-line tools.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, 5 The client ID of a registered GitHub OAuth application.

The application must be configured with a callback URL of /oauth2callback/. If specified, only GitHub users that are members of at least one of the listed organizations will be allowed to log in.

agent list applications configuring v4 manager flags edit allow true
(Source: www.openlm.com)

If the GitHub OAuth application configured in client ID is not owned by the organization, an organization owner must grant third-party access in order to use this option. Set GitLabIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to use GitLab.com or any other GitLab instance as an identity provider, using the OAuth integration.

The OAuth provider feature requires GitLab version 7.7.0 or higher. Using GitLab as an identity provider requires users to get a token using /OAuth/token/request to use with command-line tools.

2 When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header for this provider. This uses the grant flow to obtain an access token from GitLab.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, 6 The client ID of a registered GitLab OAuth application.

The application must be configured with a callback URL of /oauth2callback/. 8 CA is an optional trusted certificate authority bundle to use when making requests to the GitLab instance.

settings sccm client sp1 computer allow
(Source: www.prajwaldesai.com)

Using Google as an identity provider requires users to get a token using /OAuth/token/request to use with command-line tools. You can limit authentication to members of a specific hosted domain with the hostedDomain configuration attribute, as shown below.

4 Controls how mappings are established between this provider’s identities and user objects, The project must be configured with a redirect URI of /oauth2callback/.

Set OpenIDIdentityProvider in the identityProviders stanza to integrate with an OpenID Connect identity provider using an Authorization Code Flow. If required, extra scopes can be specified in the extra Scopes field.

Using an OpenID Connect identity provider requires users to get a token using /OAuth/token/request to use with command-line tools. 2 When true, unauthenticated token requests from non-web clients (like the CLI) are sent a WWW-Authenticate challenge header for this provider.

3 Optional maps of extra parameters to add to the authorization token request. Meal for JavaScript enables client-side JavaScript web applications, running in a web browser, to authenticate users using Azure AD work and school accounts (AAD), Microsoft personal accounts (MSA) and social identity providers like Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, Microsoft accounts, etc.

limesurvey file
(Source: www.secsignal.org)

After our current libraries are up to standards, we will begin balancing new feature requests, with new platforms such as react and node.js. We would like to get to a monthly minor release schedule, with patches coming as often as needed.

Our goal is that the library abstracts enough of the protocol away so that you can get plug and play authentication, but it is important to know and understand the implicit flow from a security perspective. The implicit flow runs in the context of a web browser which cannot manage client secrets securely.

It is optimized for single page apps and has one less hop between client and server so tokens are returned directly to the browser. These security concerns are mitigated per standard practices such as- use of short-lived tokens (and so no refresh tokens are returned), the library requiring a registered redirect URI for the app, library matching the request and response with a unique nonce and state parameter.

The example below walks you through how to login a user and acquire a token to be used for Microsoft's Graph API. After instantiating your instance, if you plan on using a redirect flow in Meal 1.2.x or earlier (loginRedirect and acquireTokenRedirect), you must register a callback handler using handleRedirectCallback(authCallback) where authCallback = function(Author, Autoresponder).

The callback function is called after the authentication request is completed either successfully or with a failure. When the login methods are called and the authentication of the user is completed by the Azure AD service, an id token is returned which is used to identify the user with some basic information.

web mobile application secret pocketpc applications browsing process figure pocket involves agent user codeproject pc
(Source: c-sharpcorner.com)

SsoSilent If you are confident that the user has an existing session and would like to establish user context without prompting for interaction, you can invoke silent with a loginHint or SID (available as an optional claim) and Meal will attempt to silently SSO to the existing session and establish user context. Note, if there is no active session for the given loginHint or SID, an error will be thrown, which should be handled by invoking an interactive login method (loginPopup or loginRedirect).

Get an access token to call an API In Meal, you can get access tokens for the APIs your app needs to call using the acquireTokenSilent method which makes a silent request (without prompting the user with UI) to Azure AD to obtain an access token. The Azure AD service then returns an access token containing the user consented scopes to allow your app to securely call the API.

If you are using an interactive token call, it must match the login method used in your application. If the acquireTokenSilent call fails with an error of type InteractionRequiredAuthError you will need to initiate an interactive request.

This could happen for many reasons including scopes that have been revoked, expired tokens, or password changes. AcquireTokenSilent will look for a valid token in the cache, and if it is close to expiring or does not exist, will automatically try to refresh it for you.

Use the token as a bearer in an HTTP request to call the Microsoft Graph or a Web API You can learn further details about MSAL.js functionality documented in the Meal Wiki and find complete code samples.

Other Articles You Might Be Interested In

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Sources
1 www.npmjs.com - https://www.npmjs.com/package/useragent
2 www.npmjs.com - https://www.npmjs.com/package/user-agent-parser
3 www.npmjs.com - https://www.npmjs.com/package/ua-parser-js
4 developer.aliyun.com - https://developer.aliyun.com/mirror/npm/package/user-agent-parser
5 www.npmjs.com - https://www.npmjs.com/package/user-agent
6 github.com - https://github.com/3rd-Eden/useragent
7 gist.github.com - https://gist.github.com/nakayuki805/9781696
8 github.com - https://github.com/faisalman/ua-parser-js
9 developers.whatismybrowser.com - https://developers.whatismybrowser.com/